Ethnoscience, Inc. > Archaeology

Ethnoscience is a leader in archaeological services. We are proficient in all aspects of cultural resource work, including research, survey, testing, and mitigation. Ethnoscience has completed hundreds of inventories, evaluated thousands of sites, and mitigated numerous prehistoric sites. Past undertakings include all phases of cultural work for large linear developments, such as highway projects, pipelines, transmission and fiber optic cable lines, as well as cell towers and coal mines. Ethnoscience was a pioneer in applied ethnology and Native American participation in cultural resource management, and continues to foster communication and understanding between the industry and tribes. With experience in Montana, the Dakotas, Wyoming, Idaho, and Colorado, Ethnoscience is ready to assist clients with all aspects of their archaeological needs.


Types of archaeological services we provide include:

  • Class I Inventories involving research of hard to fine “grey literature”, state-maintained site records, and reports.
  • Completion of National Register Nomination documentation for listing properties on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Archaeological inventories of project areas and areas of potential effect related to land-disturbing undertakings for Section 106 compliance.
  • Traditional Cultural Property documentation and consultation.
  • Mitigation of Adverse Effects on significant sites through data recovery and education/interpretation. This includes developing detailed mitigation plans, coordinating and consulting with state and federal reviewers, and completing fieldwork and intensive analyses.
  • Development of inter-agency agreement documents, such as Programmatic Agreements, Memoranda of Understanding, and Memoranda of Agreement.